A facelift is also known as rhytidectomy in the medical field. It is performed to improve or lessen signs of aging by tightening and lifting underlying tissues in the face. Through it, the following signs of aging will improve or be reduced: deep creases below lower eyelids, fallen or displaced fat, midface sagging, muscle tone loss in the lower face, deep creases across the nose up to the mouth, excess fat deposits, and loose skin under the chin.
In conventional rhytidectomy, surgeons cut an opening in front of the ear up to the hairline. After that, the deeper tissues are separated from the outer skin through the scalpel. From here, the tissues are tightened with the use of sutures. The excess tissues can be removed or not according to surgeon's decision. Then, the skin is rewrapped. Afterwards, the excess skin is removed and the incisions are closed with staples and sutures.
Rhytidectomy is effective in removing skin folds in the neck and cheeks. It is also combined with blepharoplasty, which is an eyelid surgery, and brow lift, which treats furrows and lines due to aging.
A facelift, like any other surgery, has some contraindications, or conditions that make it inadvisable for a person to have this surgery. Even though it is not an absolute contraindication, cigarette smoking can increase the risk of post-operative complications. Also, patients who have hypertension and diabetes are contraindicated and may not qualify for the surgery. For those taking aspirin and other blood thinners, they must stop taking these medications at least one week before the surgery.
In rhytidectomy, the usual complication is bleeding that typically requires another surgery inside the operating room. Other complications that are equally serious are facial nerve damage, infection of the skin, and necrosis of the skin flaps.
The cost of this surgery varies per country. According to a record of prices of rhytidectomy in 2008, operations in Canada and the United States cost around US $ 7,000 to US $ 15,000. Asian countries such as India and Thailand charge lower fees at around US $ 4,800 and US $ 5,000, respectively. In the United Kingdom, the rate of rhytidectomy is from £ 4,000 to £ 9000. Panama is one of the cheapest places for the surgery, where it typically costs around US $ 2,500. It is more than twice cheaper than the lowest cost in the US and Canada.
Undergoing a facelift surgery can be very tough. Aside from the finances need, there are other factors that require a person to be very well prepared. Anyone undergoing this type of surgery must do it for self-fulfillment and not because of the desire to please other people. The person should also be physically, emotionally, and mentally healthy before going through the operation.